The Russian Revolution added a new dimension to the political, social and economic perspective with worldwide appeal. After the French Revolution in 1789, it was the second great revolution in Europe. In fact, it was a revolt against the exploitative regime of the Czar. In 1987, the protest took the shape and spirit of revolution and monarchy had to give way to communism. It was thought to be a new economic philosophy determined to be a new direction to the socioeconomic status of the world. Under the leadership of Lenin, it struck its root into the soil and psyche of the Soviet Union. The chief political reason behind the revolution was the dictatorial monarchy supported by church and bureaucracy. The army was totally dependent and the common people were illiterate as well as innocent of their rights. The peasantry was the verse victims of all the sections in society. The despotism of the monarchy and rivaling starvation played havoc with the life of ordinary people. It was an agrarian society but the land was not equally distributed which resulted in discontent. Though the Industrial Revolution earned profit its major share was pocketed by the feudal lords.
On the other hand, the monarchy had a warm relationship with capital and both were complimentary to each other. The public wanted to break these menus through this revolution.
Another important factor behind The Russian Revolution was the value of its foreign policy. In 1904, Japan attacks and defeated such a huge nation. It was a glaring instance of the incompetence and enervation of the governance. At the same time, the First World War brought the weakness of the monarchy into the light. As a result, people lost faith in the Czar and took steps to dethrone them.
This is a fact that the intellectual Renaissance is an indispensable factor at the beginning of the Revolution. This was also true of the Russian Revolution. Tolstoy, Turgenev, and Dostoevsky led in the role of Staunch Catholic by writing pamphlets and giving speeches but the prima donna was Karl Marx who revolutionized the psyche of contemporary mind and the result was the Revolution in 1917.